If you’re at all like me when I was getting started, “cellaring” is something you often hear mentioned, but it carries a daunting undertone, or at least implies a prerequisite experience not yet achieved. It took me a while to even look into.
Maybe it’s something about the word “cellar”—a more recent coining for the practice of aging tobacco blends. I thought there would be a lot of investment, preparation, and finicky maintenance. I then realized how simple it was and wished I'd started aging some favorite tobacco blends sooner.
Like most things in pipe smoking, you can take a meticulous approach. You can put together a spreadsheet, monitor with a hydrometer, develop a procedure for how and what you cellar, when something gets opened, etc. But you can also get by just fine, reaping the benefits of aging tobacco, with a very uncomplicated approach.
There are a lot of reasons to cellar tobacco—it’s economical, practical, and makes for some fantastic blends while letting us stroke that inclination toward curiosity and experimentation so common to pipe smokers.
Let’s start with the why and then get into the how.
Why Cellar Tobacco Blends
The unfortunate truth is tobacco isn’t getting any cheaper. This isn’t just a matter of inflation, but the threats from excise tax and regulations. By even the most sober judgment, it’s evident prices will go up as they have been. Does that mean we’re facing the “tobacco apocalypse” as some prophesy? That most of us will get priced out? No, it just means you’ll save in the long-run by stocking up on some favorites.
Blends change. Blends get discontinued. Brands close their doors. Varietals become inaccessible. A sad truth but it’s the reality of things. Cellaring some favorites is a good measure of insurance that you won’t be without them, or at least not for a long time.
That also means you may end up with some aged and discontinued blends. If not for your own enjoyment, you could find yourself making a trade at a show or club meeting.
Setting aside for later
We’ve all experienced disappointment with a blend before. It’s always a good idea to put that tobacco away without just letting it dry out in a tin or trashing it.
First of all, tastes change. This is true for everyone but especially beginners who may be trying blends that, for many, are an acquired taste, such as those containing a good helping of Latakia or Perique. Or maybe that Virginia causes too much tongue bite and you haven’t learned to keep a cool smoke yet. Basically, there’re a lot of reasons you might love that tobacco later. And even if you don’t, it’s worth preserving to gift to or trade with a fellow pipe smoker.
Refined with age
Aging tobacco does wonderful things to the profile. The flavors marry and refine in interesting, complex ways. Tobacco, much like wine, “improves” with age, as it's often put. Now, I use the quotes there because it’s not quite that simple. Different types of tobacco age differently and the way they change may or may not be preferable—that entirely depends on your personal taste.
How Different Blends Change With Age
Let’s get more into the weeds on how certain tobacco ages so you can have some direction on what to expect from cellaring tobacco.
Virginias are the most appreciated for their aging qualities, and go on refining for longer than other varietals. There's a consensus that a varietal improves for an approximate amount of time before declining. The range in which that age is reached for each type is of course a matter of discussion and preference. Virginia tobaccos’ potential for aging is notoriously long—they could go on developing into interesting new profiles for decades and decades. This is due to how Virginias' high sugar content affects the fermentation process.
Over time, Oriental tobaccos tend to soften, moving away from that slight spice and take on a more fruity taste. Not on the same scale as Virginias, but they too have a higher sugar content as a result of sun-curing preserving the natural sugars in the leaf.
Latakia mellows and loses some of its robust smokiness over time. Although, as it ages with a blend and flavors are disseminated, it can impart some unique qualities to the unified mixture.
So, aging English and Balkan blends for too long may not be ideal for the Lat-bomb lover, but for those who appreciate Latakia’s role when used more as a team player rather than a headliner, having some years on one of these blends can make for great smoking experiences.
G. L. Pease posits in his Briar & Leaf Chronicles that there is a stage after the mellowing of Latakia where it will increase in complexity and richness.
Aromatics are a bit of an exception. The top flavoring doesn’t refine like the natural components do. Some say they may have an arresting effect on the aging process, and some even say tarnish the blend. But two things to keep in mind:
- Your Aromatics that have spent a few months or even a couple years on the shelf are likely fine. They may not be refining and maturing like a Straight Virginia, but if they're sealed, there shouldn't be a discernable difference. If they aren't sealed, there may be some loss of that flavoring, but this is highly dependent on how long the blend has sat, what the flavoring is and how much was applied, the presence additives like propylene glycol to maintain moisture, and all number of factors.
- What exactly makes an Aromatic isn’t so well defined. They're understood to be blends with top flavoring, but almost every blend is cased in at least a minor way, and many blends have top flavorings that play an accenting role, i.e., aren’t heavily coated; Peterson’s Irish Whiskey or Royal Yacht for example. I don’t imagine lighter top flavoring such as these would impose much on the aging process.
How to Cellar Tobacco - The Do’s and Don’ts
Cellaring tobacco is easier than you may think. There may be certain conditions that need controlling, but they are simple and far less particular than, say, aging cigars in a humidor.
What Is the Right Environment for Aging Tobacco?
Luckily, the right environment probably already exists somewhere in your home without any manipulation. Plenty of folks put their sealed jars and tins in a closet or cabinet or just some dark place and have no problem, it’s usually that simple. But of course, there are some factors that may be relevant to one cellar and not another, such as regional climate. So for good measure, we’ll cover all the bases of a proper tobacco cellar’s environment.
You’ll hear different ideal temperature ranges. So long as your tobacco is approximately in the “room temperature” range, it shouldn’t be a problem. I’d say between 50-70 Fahrenheit is safe. Cooler is better, but do not keep your tobacco in the fridge as it’s too dry.
What’s important is that the temperature stays relatively consistent. The seal on the jars and tins of your aging tobacco can be broken if they expand or contract too quickly from an abrupt shift in temperature.
Then, you need to make sure the environment isn't too humid. Humidity can cause rust, corroding a jar or tin’s seal.
Getting a hydrometer is a great way to check that the humidity isn’t too high or fluctuating too much.
It wouldn’t be a bad idea to keep your jars and tins inside of some sort of container. I especially recommend a cooler, as they’re designed to insulate, so whatever fluctuation occurs in the room will be less dramatic in the container.
Store your tobacco in a dark place
You don’t want to store tobacco in the light. You’re best off keeping your tobacco cellar in a closet or some other dark environment.
Keep Track of What You Have Cellared
It’s nice to have some sort of system in place to keep track of the blends you're cellaring and how much they've aged.
Personally, I like updating a Google Spreadsheet. You absolutely don’t have to make such a song and dance of it, all you really need is a notebook and pen. I just love an excuse to make a spreadsheet.
Here's a mockup to show how mine is arranged. I've added functions so that an Elapsed Time column automatically updates based on the Cellar Date input. Similarly, every number I put in the Weight (oz) column automatically updates the blue cell in the top right corner with the sum of the whole column so that it displays the total weight of tobacco in my cellar. Why is this necessary? It’s not really. Spreadsheets are fun.
Finally, I use the # column to assign the corresponding jar a serial number. I’ll write the name of the blend and date on the jar as well, but putting a corresponding number on the lid just makes organization easier for me, especially for multiples of the same tin with different ages.
Again, a notepad will do you right. Heck, some people just write the sealed date on the tin or jar, stash it away, and feel it out. The only right way is the way you prefer.
Different Containers for Cellaring Tobacco
Different types of packaging and jars come with their own implications for building a tobacco cellar.
Jarring is necessary for aging tobacco that is packaged in bags (bulk). As for those sealed in pouches such as Amphora or Captain Black, it's my understanding that these are more secure and fine for longer storing, though not necessarily for reaping the benefits of aging tobacco.
Jars can also be an alternative to cellaring in the tin. I’ll go into why transferring to a jar from the original packaging might be ideal in the next section.
If you’re jarring tobacco, make sure the jars you’re using create a seal. This would be those with the traditional mason jar design. Notice the orange ring in the image below. It’s made of a supple compound that acts as a gasket creating a seal when the screw band presses the lid down on the rim.
Make sure both the rim of the jar and the gasket are clear of any debris that could obstruct an airtight seal before screwing on the lid. The left image pictured above shows a nice, clean gasket, while the right image shows one that should be wiped of debris.
These jars are also ideal for storing your on-deck blends (those you're currently smoking). If you’re regularly opening and closing the jar, the tobacco isn’t going through the aging process, but it is a good way to keep the mixture from drying out. And hey, they look nice on a shelf.
When you do fill a jar for aging tobacco, some recommend that you leave space at the top, the idea being that the oxygen sealed in facilitates a longer period of aerobic fermentation.
Flat Vacuum-Sealed tins
These are the familiar twist-off or coin-pop tins. Some say that because they are vacuum sealed, tobacco left in these will age slower than other containers as they don’t go through aerobic fermentation due to lack of oxygen.
Vacuum Sealed bags
Some folks will use vacuum sealing bags as reinforcement just in case the seal of the original container fails. This isn't a necessity, but offers some extra insurance.
One case that you might want to consider is with Esoterica bags.
While the bags Esoterica is packaged in are sealed and fine for aging, some report that they’re easily punctured or worn down. I can’t say I have any personal experience with this, but if you want to double down, you may opt to store these packages in vacuum sealed bags. That way if the seal is compromised, the tobacco will go on aging. Alternatively, you could re-seal in jars.
Jars or Tins?
Jars are your best option for cellaring bulk tobacco or anything that didn’t come in an airtight container. But when you receive a tin, it’s already aging—no need to jar, label, or any of that (except maybe to date it). Let’s wrap this up with a little on why you might prefer one or the other.
Personally, my cellar consists almost entirely of jars, even for the blends that originally came in tins. This doesn’t stem from some theory of jar supremacy regarding the aging process, but it just works best for the way I engage with pipe smoking.
Edit: Since writing this piece, the amount of tins in my cellars is about equal to jars. I just relay this to keep making the point—the right way is what works for you, and that may change.
Pros of rejarring
- One reason I often rejar is so I can try a blend before storing it. At this time, I’m not very repetitive about what I smoke. I have a few favorites I like to keep on hand, but I’m always smoking something new. My rotation is more wide than deep you might say. So, when I get a new tin, I generally like to split it up, having some for my current rotation and some for aging.
- I like cellaring one blend in small quantities. I’ll pack multiple small jars of about 0.5 oz each so that I can try that tobacco at different intervals of aging. Remember, when that seal breaks, you can’t just take some out, seal it back up, and continue the aging process in the same way.
- There's another reason I prefer cellaring in small quantities—so that opening an aged jar of tobacco doesn't feel like a race against time to smoke it. Once you open that jar or tin that’s been aging, disrupting the internal ecosystem, you should smoke through that tobacco relatively soon to get the most out of the qualities that aging has imparted. Because I always have quite a few tobaccos on deck, I don't want to sit on one opened blend from my cellar too long, but I also don’t want to reach for it for every smoke just because I feel I have to. So, 0.5 - 1 oz is perfect for me. It lets me keep up my preference for constant variety without losing the mature qualities for those latter bowls.
Cons of rejarring
- One benefit of tins that I miss out on in my rejarring is that I’m resetting the aging process on a blend that’s already been aging undisturbed, maybe for months. Some brands like G. L. Pease, Mac Baren, and Cornell & Diehl will even label the sealed date so you know exactly how much time that blend has already been aging for.
- Jars are also another expense. I've actually come to enjoy the process of labeling and weighing—it's just another little pipe ritual. But it would be nice to just get the tin and stow it away. That said, I do recommend having some jars ready to transfer tin-aged blends into once opened. The airtight seal will preserve those age-imparted qualities a little longer as you smoke through the contents.
- Finally, the tins are easier to store. Most jars do stack, but they’re more fragile and heavy.
If it seems like a lot to take in, just get started and I'm sure you'll find it's not all that much. You can refine your approach to how you cellar and age tobacco as you go, or not. Just consider how you engage with pipe smoking and figure out what speaks to that. But as always, reach out with any questions and we'll be happy to help.